Posts Tagged ‘inflammation and osteoporosis’

Omega 3 : omega 6 – the rise of chronic disease and illness

Saturday, September 22nd, 2012

The human body can synthesise all fatty acids with the exception of omega3 and omega 6 . They are known as essential fatty acids or EFA’S they are the building blocks of cell membranes – brain tissue and nerve tissue – they are essential for the functioning of every cell in your body .They help protect against chronic health conditions and disease , they repair degenerative cells and ensure that the body is fuelled properly . The ideal scenario would be to have a ratio of 1:1 omega 6 : omega 3 this however as we shall see is not the case and the actual ratio in UK , USA , UAE and countries following a westernised diet maybe as much as 25 : 1 omega 6 : omega 3 .

To put this in perspective taking breast cancer as an example studies have shown that an excessive food based intake of Omega – 6( linoleic acid ) is linked to some forms of breast cancer , in subjects whose breast tissue contains high levels of omega-3 they appear to be less prone to this form of cancer which affects 1 in 8 women.

In order to maintain levels of these very important EFA’s you have to take them from food sources – what has happened in the last Century is that there has been an increase in the consumption of Omega 6 (linoleic acid) and a decrease in consumption of Omega 3 ( alpha linoleic acid )

Fats can be divided into two groups saturated and unsaturated fatty acids . Saturated fats are from animals sources , unsaturated fats are your omega 3 , omega 6 and omega 9 . Omega 9 is also known as Oleic acid .

Omega 6 is converted in your body into arachodonic acid (AA) Omega 3 is converted into eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA ) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) the secret to good health is to have a balance between the omega 6 and omega 3 . Unfortunately in our modern diet we consume too much omega 6 and too little omega 3 and it is this inbalance that has resulted in so many of the health problems affecting the population . Part of the problem is the intense farming methods and what we feed animals on as well as that a lot of fish in fish farms are fed an artificial diet so the farmed fish contains less omega 3 than wild cold water fish which feeds on krill . The most common source s of omega 6 in our modern diet is sunflower oil , corn oil , groundnut oil , hemp , safflower and soya oils . These oils are used extensively in the modern food industry just look at the labels of the food you buy – bread , pizza, margarines , ready meals .

A diet high in omega 6 is one that is pro inflammatory – this is due to the fact your body produces more prostaglandins which promote inflammation – inflammation is what precedes disease and many diseases are aggrevated by inflammation ie arthritis , type 2 diabetes , IBD , psoriasis etc . With the western diet showing a ratio of around 25: 1 omega 6 (pro inflammatory ) : omega 3 (anti inflammatory ) it is easy to see what has gone wrong and why we have the increase in so many chronic conditions .

The simple solution is obviously to increase intake of the anti inflammatory omega 3 – EPA and DHA and decrease intake of the pro inflammatory omega 6 sunflower oils , corn oil etc . Very often the simplest way is for most people is to take an omega3 supplement however due to the clever marketing of the companies finding the right supplement is difficult .

You need a supplement that is high in active ingredients specifically EPA which is believed to be the most potent natural anti inflammatory . Takeomega3 has 800mg EPA per capsule which is far in excess of any other omega3 product on shelf – surprisingly the brands advertising 1000mg omega3 are only 30% active ingredients and the other 70% is fat which you dont need !! ., TakeOmega 3 is 90% active ingredients. Research has shown that for an omega3 supplement to be effective it needs to be 80% active ingredients none of the brands on UK shelves offer this . They label highest concentration , pure omega3 , 1000mg omega3 but at the end of the day they are lowin the active ingredients and as a result are not effective . Why waste money on a product that could be as much as 80% fat that you dont need ?

Omega 3 is linked to increased bone mineral density

Monday, June 27th, 2011

The presence of omega-3 fatty acids in young men is linked to “peak bone mass” or bone mineral density, according to a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The study found that 22-year-old men with the highest levels of omega-3 fatty acids had the greatest bone density in the body and spine two years later.

Dr. Magnus Hogstrom and colleagues from Umea University in Sweden followed 78 healthy young men from their mid-teens to early adulthood. The team measured the BMD (bone mineral density) of the total body, hip and spine at the start of the study and again when the participants were 22 and 24 years of age. The objective was to quantify a relationship between the levels of omega-3 fatty acids and bone density.

According to the journal, “The results showed that Omega-3 fatty acids,  are positively associated with bone mineral accrual and, thus, with peak BMD in young men.” Higher bone density in youth can decrease the chances of brittle bones and osteoporosis later in life.

As well as that the EPA in omega3 is one of the most potent  natural anti inflammatory as detailed in previous blogs , as a result the EPA will reduce any inflammation naturally as there is a clear relationship with osteoporosis and inflammation the EPA will target the site of inflammation and reduce it.

Although osteoporosis is often associated with women, the American Osteoporosis Foundation reports that two million American men have osteoporosis. Inadequate physical exercise, smoking and use of antacids that contain aluminum are among risk factors.

Recent research by NASA has also shown that omega3 is a key factor in preventing bone density loss during space travel and they advise that this has important implications for those at risk or suffering from osteoporosis

NASA sings the praises of Omega 3 re osteoporosis and bone density loss

Tuesday, June 8th, 2010

When men boldly goes where no men have gone before – these days they tend to do a lot of experiments along the way. The latest experiment which NASA has announced the results of is the key to explaining and preventing bone density loss which occurs in astronauts while in the weightless atmosphere of space and osteoporosis sufferers on earth. Research, which has been ongoing for several decades, has looked at ways to stop this from happening and would solve a major problem stopping humans from deep space exploration and help osteoporosis suffers too.

The key NASA scientists have found, while experimenting both on earth and in space, is Omega 3. Published in the ‘Journal of Bone and Mineral Research,’ their paper explains that in a series of cell based studies they found that by adding specific Omega 3 fatty acids to cells in both typical cell structures and those in a weightless atmosphere inhibits factors which lead to bone density loss. The factor in question is called ‘nuclear factor kappa B” or NFkB, which is involved in immune system and inflammation processes. NASA found that astronauts returning from space had elevated levels of activity within these factors in their blood cells, and that the inflammatory process involved in adapting the body to zero gravity was a major factor in stimulating NFkB. By administering higher levels of Omega 3 supplements into the diets of test subjects on earth, whose bodies were subjected to the same weightless conditions as they would have experienced in space, they found that bone density loss was reduced.

Next, scientists tracked astronaut’s consumption of fish and thereby fish oils while on a long space flight and found that they lost less bone density over the course of a four to six month trip.

“These results are very exciting, and provide initial evidence that nutrition may be a key factor in mitigating bone loss in astronauts.” said Scott Smith, a nutritionist at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston.

This is a very exciting finding, not only for astronauts, but for osteoporosis sufferers worldwide. Omega 3 is a very important ingredient in our health and general wellbeing as well as, it seems, key to our further exploration of the universe.

The main scientific article is available as it appeared in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Great Britain Flag
Made in the UK - Take Omega 3 Suspendisse lacinia ultricies justo, at ultricies nisi tempus ac. Cras sed vehicula metus. Phasellus...